You should spend about 20 minutes on READING PASSAGE 2 Questions 14-26, which are based on Reading.
Reading Passage 2 has six paragraphs QUESTIONS 14 - 20: A-F . Which paragraph contains the following information?Write the correct letter A-F in boxes 14-20 on your answer sheet. NB You may use any letter more than once.
14. An insect that proves the superiority of natural intelligence over Artificial Intelligence.
15. Robots being able to benefit from their mistakes.
16. Many researchers not being put off believing that Artificial Intelligence will eventually be developed.
17. An innovative approach that is having limited success.
18. The possibility of creating Artificial Intelligence being doubted by some academics.
19. No generally accepted agreement of what our brains do.
20. Robots not being able to extend the intelligence in the same way as humans.
Look at the following people (Questions QUESTIONS 21 - 23: 21-23 ) and the list of statements below. Match each person with the correct statement A-E. Write the correct letter A-E in boxes 21-23 on your answer sheet.
21. __________ Colin McGinn
22. __________ Marvin Minsky
23. __________ Hans Moravec
Complete the summary below. Choose QUESTIONS 24 - 26: ONE WORD ONLY from the passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 24-26 on your answer sheet.
WHEN WILL ME HAVE A THINKING MACHINE?
Despite some advances, the early robots had certain weaknesses. They were given the information they needed on a
24. __________ This was known as the ‘top-down’ approach and enabled them to do certain tasks but they were unable to recognise 25. __________ Nor did they have any intuition or ability to make decisions based on experience. Rodney Brooks tried a different approach. Robots similar to those invented by Brooks are to be found on 26. __________ where they are collecting information.
24. They were given the information they needed on a .
25. This was known as the ‘top-down’ approach and enabled them to do certain tasks but they were unable to recognise .
26. Robots similar to those invented by Brooks are to be found on where they are collecting information.
You should spend about 20 minutes on READING PASSAGE 3 Questions 27-40, which are based on Reading.
QUESTIONS 27 - 32:
Do the following statements agree with the views of the writer In Reading Passage
27-32 on your answer sheet, write:
YES if the statement agrees with the views of… NO if the statement contradicts the views of … NOT GIVEN if it is impossible to say what the writer th…
27. By 2050 only a small number of languages will be flourishing.
28. Australian academics’ efforts to record existing Aboriginal languages have been too limited.
29. Tho use of technology In language research is proving unsatisfactory in some respects.
30. Chomsky’s political views have overshadowed his academic work.
31. Documentary linguistics studies require long-term financial support.
32. Chomsky’s attitude to disappearing languages is too emotional.
Choose the correct letter, QUESTIONS 33 - 36: A , B , C or D.
33. The writer mentions rainforests and the ozone layer __________ :
34. What does Nick Evans say about speakers of a creole?
35. What is similar about West Africa and South America, from the linguist’s point of view?
36. Michael Krauss has frequently pointed out that __________:
Complete each sentence with the correct ending QUESTIONS 37 - 40: A-G below. Write the correct letter A-G, 37-40 in boxes on your answer sheet.
A. even though it is in danger of disappearing. B. provided that it has a strong basis in theory. C. although it may share certain universal characteristics. D. because there is a practical advantage to it. E. so long as the drawbacks are clearly understood. F. in spite of the prevalence of theoretical linguistics. G. until they realize what is involved.
37. Linguists like Peter Austin believe that every language is unique.
38. Nick Evans suggests a community may resist attempts to save its language.
39. Many young researchers are interested in doing practical research.
40. Chomsky supports work in descriptive linguistics.